Travel guide to New York

Visiting the Big Apple translates to loads of fun, but there is a lot of planning that goes into it. Visitors need to work around essential information about transport, weather, events, attractions, geography and even trivial details such as how to wave a taxi. It goes without saying, a well-planned trip is more enjoyable.


New York City is comprised of five boroughs. Its avenues and streets run in distinct directions; avenues typically run north and south whereas streets flow east and west. One-way thoroughfares complement them.

Manhattan can be quite confusing for first-time visitors, and you might need the services of a tour guide or a good GPS device. Brooklyn and Queens form part of the Long Island, while the Bronx is geographically attached to the United States mainland. There are ferries, bridges and tunnels connecting the islands.


NYC is served by an efficient transport system and traversing its five boroughs is a breeze. Tourist information centers provide detailed tips about airports, subways, buses, taxis and ferries. To use the subway and buses, you need a MetroCard sold at subway stations. Taking the city experts double-decker bus, helicopter or boat leads to memorable experiences.

Events and Attractions

New York City’s entertainment scene is vibrant and guaranteed to offer discerning visitors riveting moments. The city is abuzz with a variety of events throughout the year. New York boasts some high profile landmarks and attractions. These include the Empire State Building, Central Park, Times Square, among others. The list of must-see attractions is almost endless.

Experiencing NYC from a waterway taxi (ferry) is amazing. These aquatic hop-on and hop-off shuttles are available between points in Manhattan, New Jersey and the harbor. The skyline views are both refreshing and stunning.

Experiencing NYC from a waterway taxi (ferry) is amazing. These aquatic hop-on and hop-off shuttles are available between points in Manhattan, New Jersey and the harbor. The skyline views are both refreshing and stunning.


Guide to Burgundy attractions


Burgundy lies in an area bordered by the river Loire, as well as the Franche-Comté and Champagne districts to the east. While the Rhone Alpes region borders it to the south. Its capital, Dijon is a vibrant cultural, administrative and commercial hub. The climate in the region is continental, the summers are relatively warm, and the winters are quite cold. It is also easy to book holiday rentals in Burgundy.


The four departments that make-up Burgundy (Côte-d’Or, Saône-et-Loire, Yonne and Nièvre) are tourist wonderlands in their own right. Côte-d’Or is home to the mediaeval hospice at Beaune. The extraordinary ancient monument plays hosts to Flemish art pieces, which include Roger van der Weyden’s remarkable alterpiece.

In Beaune, visitors enjoy cellars and estate visits or embark on a memorable tour around the palace of the dukes of Burgundy and Cathedral located in Dijon. There are good quality holiday properties in Burgundy that complement the attractions to make this region an awesome travel destination..

Saône-et-Loire and Yvonne

Saône-et-Loire welcomes visitors with sights and sounds of its finest romanesque cathedrals whose architectural magnificence captures the imagination. While the Morvan hills are majestically decorated by medieval sculptures, they sit on its edges in an astonishing manner.

Yvonne features the Abbaye de Vézelay, aUNESCO World Heritage Site, it is the point of departure for pilgrimage trails headed for Santiago de Compostella. For a boating experience with a difference, head to Auxerre, the area is popular with tourists gathering on the Yonne and Burgundy canal. In Nièvre, the exceptional natural beauty of the Morvan natural park never fails to dazzle.

In Beaune, visitors enjoy cellars and estate visits or embark on a memorable tour around the palace of the dukes of Burgundy and Cathedral located in Dijon. There are good quality holiday properties in Burgundy that complement the attractions to make this region an awesome travel destination.


What you should know about semantic web


Semantic Web is a set of activities within the World Wide Web Consortium aimed at developing technologies to publish readable data. It is based on the idea of ​​adding semantic and ontological metadata to the web. The extra information that describe the contents, meaning and relationship must be provided in a formal way, so that automatically evaluation will be possible for machines.

The objective is to improve the Internet expanding interoperability between computer systems using intelligent agents. These are computer programs that seek information without human operators.

Tim Berners-Lee tried from the beginning to include semantic information on the establishment of the internet, but for various reasons it was not possible.

The Semantic Web is an extension of the Web by which one attempts to automatically filter information accurately. It is necessary to make the information that lies on the web understandable by the machines. Especially the content, regardless of the syntax structure .

This is done taking into account the development and construction of agents responsible for processing that information and adequately filtering them. As a result, agents must retrieve and manipulate pertinent information which requires an integration without fracturing the web, but still taking full advantage of existing infrastructure.

Through this kind of semantic web, it becomes possible to get solutions to common problems in finding information through the use of infrastructure or common processes by which it is feasible to share, process and transfer information easily.

Today, the World Wide Web is based mainly on documents written in HTML, a markup language that serves mainly to create hypertext on the net. HTML can adjust the visual appearance of a document and include multimedia objects in the text (pictures , diagrams dialog, etc.).

But offers little chance for categorizing the elements that make up the text beyond the typical structural features, as with other languages ​​(LaTeX type).

HTML allows using a visualization tool (such as a browser or user agent) to, for example, show a catalog of items for sale. The HTML code of a catalog can explain things like the document title but there is no way to specify within the HTML code M270660 if the product is a “battery Acme ” with a ” retail price ” € 200 , or if other consumer product (ie , a battery is not a musical instrument , or a pot).

The Semantic Web would look to resolve these deficiencies. This technology provides a description of the contents, such as RDF and OWL in addition to XML, the markup language designed to describe data. These technologies combine to provide explicit descriptions of web resources (whether these are catalogs, forms, maps, documentary or other object). This content is revealed as the data in a data base accessible by web or tags embedded in the document (usually in XHTML, or XML directly). These labels allow content managers to interpret.


The massive development and diffusion of the Semantic Web has some difficulties that are still hard to overcome: one is technological and the other is related to the lack of interest of webmasters.

Technologies to express the information in the format required have existed for years. Perhaps the most specialized component is OWL, which exists as W3C standard since 2004. The technology is the missing component that enables to convert automatically rich text content of web pages in OWL brands. The Semantic Web requires the creators of web pages to translate content in OWL , that can be interpreted by semantic agents.

But, this is not feasible due to the size of the Web and its unstoppable growth. Fortunately, many pages have formatted information and can perform this conversion automatically. For example, a site with thousands of movies which includes information such as title, director, release date; this information is neatly arranged and classified into a database.



Understanding Components of the Semantic Web

http image

The main components of the Semantic Web are the meta and representation standards XML, XML Schema, RDF, RDF Schema and OWL and the SPARQL query language for data RDF. The OWL Web Ontology Language Overview describes the function and relationship of each of these components of the Semantic web:

XML provides a surface syntax for structured documents, but provide them with no restriction on the meaning.

XML Schema is a language for defining the structure of XML documents.

RDF is a data model for resources and relationships that can be established between them. Provides a basic semantics for this data model that can be represented using XML.

RDF Schema is a vocabulary for describing properties and classes of RDF resources, with a semantics for generalization hierarchies established between such properties and classes.

OWL is a language for defining ontologies from the detailed description of properties and classes, such as relationships between classes (eg disjunction), cardinality (eg, only one), equality, types of more complex properties, characterization of properties (eg symmetry), and enumerated classes.

SPARQL is a query language for RDF data sets. Also in such an XML format specification detailing the way in which the results are structured also included.

Usability and use of the Web and its interconnected resources can increase the semantic web through:

Documents tagged with semantic information (compare this with the <meta> HTML tag, used to facilitate the work of the robots). It is intended that this information is interpreted by the computer with a capacity comparable to the human reader. Labeling can include descriptive metadata from other documentaries or protocol aspects.

Common metadata vocabularies (Ontology) and maps between vocabularies that allow document compilers to have clear ideas about how to label for automatic agents to use the information contained in the metadata (eg, author metadata).

Automatic agents that perform tasks for users of metadata of the Semantic Web

(Often with their own agents) Web Services to provide information to the agents (eg, service guarantees to an agent who could check whether an e-commerce has a history of poor service or generate spam).

The primary suppliers of this technology are the URIs that identify resources with XML and namespaces.

Currently , there are niches that have started pilot with the transformation to the Semantic Web :

  •     Site implemented an RDF ontology for Ontoguate searches – Guatemala Tourism Ontology .
  •    Government Open Data Systems in several countries , are in RDF format.
  •    Open Data at the National Library of France >
  •    Intranets knowledge of multinational companies.
  •    Embedding metadata in e-commerce systems .
  •    Semantic engine results on Google searches.




Guide to writing a thesis statement

finance textbook

A thesis is an idea or proposition whose content needs proof; the author asserts actuality. If the hypothesis is not tenable, it must be discarded. Otherwise, it can be stated in the thesis.

A thesis is generally considered a statement intended to highlight the essence of complex theories in a pragmatic and easily digestible fashion. The difference between a theorem and a thesis falls within the pragmatic field of teaching of the statement.

If a thesis is wrong, no kind of evidence can justify it. The proof depends on the type of rules that apply. A working hypothesis is a provisionally established thesis.

The antithesis and synthesis collectively form the dialectical triad. A scientific form of a thesis is the hypothesis.

Scientific theories

A scientific theory is not subject to special rules. To increase the acceptance of a theory in the scientific environment, a thesis should satisfy the following:

-   be a clear and well-defined judgment,
-   should not be falsifiable,
-   remain the same during presentation,
-   restrict any other accepted thesis,
-   not contain a logical contradiction,
-   be supported by verifiable facts,
-   be a self-evident judgment.

A thesis statement can only be called a scientific theory if its theoretical basis can be viewed as being part of the established knowledge. Steps aimed at validating or invalidating a hypothesis depend on the type of rules applicable.

It features seven segments, and these include title page, an abstract section, process, conclusion, references, appendixes as well as table of figures.

In this regard, an abstract is a brief representation of the thesis statement. If the abstract is published separately, it must be accompanied by a bibliographic reference to the text. The international standard for the preparation of abstracts is ISO 214. Abstracts generally included in scientific journals and help with writing a thesis statement.

Writing a thesis statement

Investing In Precious Metals

investing in metals

Investing in precious metals is an attractive route for many investors, particularly when they are hovering in bullish market territory. One of the most significant factors influencing the market appeal is that no metal is ever worth zero.

Metals sustain intrinsic value regardless of economic dynamics. However, investing in metals is not clear-cut, it is sensible to blend them with other instruments to achieve a balanced portfolio.

Metals offer reliable protection against inflation and other forms of investment risk such as political uncertainties. Their link to stocks and bonds is considerably minimal. Gold is undoubtedly more popular but platinum, palladium and silver also feature prominently in the market.

These three have experienced momentous price increases over the last few years. Demand for metals is rising, but price volatility is still a reality. Investment strategies differ depending on experience, they range from conservative to aggressive and speculative. Experienced traders are more comfortable taking short-term positions.

Goldman Sachs in favor of retaining commodities as competitors cut

investing in metals

Goldman Sachs Group Inc. (GS) revealed that the justification for holding commodities is still sensible; this in turn strengthens the basis for investing in oil and metals, although some financial institutions are withdrawing from the commodities market.

Analysts argue that commodities still present a viable means for investors to spread their holdings by blending them with equities and bonds. They are also useful for hedging against inflation. It is estimated that the appetite for holding commodities will pick up in a couple of years when growth is expected to accelerate.

Although commodities have not been offering attractive returns in the last few years in comparison to shares and bonds, Goldman Sachs believes there are valid reasons for holding a portion as a means of diversifying a portfolio over the long term.

However, other financial institutions such as JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM), Barclays Plc (BARC), and Morgan Stanley (MS) are abandoning some of their commodities ventures. The development may result in Goldman consolidating its market share.

According to a report published by Goldman mid-April, the company forecasts decline in the commodities outlook, at least for the short-term. It also predicts that the Standard & Poor’s GSCI Enhanced Commodity Index might fall by 4 percent over a period of one year.

Market Performance

The S&P GSCI Enhanced Commodity Index rose by 4.3 percent in 2014 compared to previous years (2012 and 2013). On other hand, equities climbed by at least 1.1 percent this year, this is at the back of a strong showing in both 2012 and 2013. The Bloomberg U.S. Treasury Index also performed favorably this year by rising to 2.2, it recorded losses the previous year despite having gained by 2 percent in 2012.

Growth expectations surrounding the commodity market in the next few years are based on the understanding that global growth is set to steer towards an expansion period as regards the business cycle.


Commodities have long been linked to the capacity for hedging a portfolio against inflation. The Goldman Sachs report also takes note of an increased risk of inflation rising in the next few years. The report attributed this development to the cutting of interest rates by central banks around the world as they aim to boost stimulus following the financial crisis.